The Village of Mayville serves as the Chautauqua County seat, rich in county history and government.  Situated at the north end of Chautauqua Lake, it is a natural gateway to the lake.

Mayville is one of the fastest-growing arts, dining, and entertainment communities on Chautauqua Lake.  Widely known for boating, fishing, a bluegrass festival and a summer concert in the park series, it is also home to the largest winter festival in Western New York – featuring constructing of a large ice castle each February, an ice ball, snowmobiling, and other winter recreational activities, and is quickly becoming a year-round destination.

Nearby, the world-renowned Chautauqua Institution provides a nine-week summer program featuring a rich blend of educational, arts, history, and religious programming.  Chautauqua becomes a thriving summer colony each year, featuring top name entertainment as well as theater, opera, dance, recreation, and a full schedule of educational opportunities, as well as grand hotels and accommodations, golf courses, tennis, and more.

Chautauqua Lake is also surrounded by rolling hills, rural countryside and woodlands.  Around the lake, there are numerous small villages and communities, including two thriving Amish settlements.